1. Coastal Ecosystem: Coastal ecosystems are areas where land and water join to create an environment with a distinct structure, diversity, and flow of energy. It includes salt marshes, mangroves, wetlands, estuaries, and bays and is home to many different types of plants and animals.
2. Coastal Zone Management: It is to avoid erosion and floods, and also stops erosion to claim lands. Its goal is to: “preserve, protect, develop, enhance, and restore, the coastal resources.”Discuss new techniques or ideas which could be used to manage the coastal zones.
3. Mangrove Ecosystem: Mangroves can help reduce vulnerability to climate-related coastal hazards. As a result, mangrove restoration has been used as an ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction and adaptation measure, particularly after the 2004 Asian Tsunami. Discuss more on Mangrove Ecosystem and its uses.
4. Coastal Resources: By being adjacent to water, coastal regions include fish and other types of marine life that are important food sources for humans. Coasts also contain sand and other sediments, which are valuable resources for maintaining healthy beach and dune systems. Because of the many activities that take place along the coast, it is important to manage coastal resources sustainably and efficiently. Coasts are constantly changing places; therefore, access to and availability of resources changes as well.
5. Coastal Processes: Tides, waves, and wind-blown coastal dunes, and seaward to the point at which waves interact significantly with the seabed are the coastal processes. The coastal zone is a dynamic part of the Earth's surface where both marine and atmospheric processes produce rocky coasts, as well as beaches and dunes, barriers and tidal inlets, and shape deltas. The atmospheric processes include temperature, precipitation, and winds, while the major marine processes are waves and tides, together with water temperature and salinity.
6. Coastal Oceanography: The coastal ocean links the continents and the open (deep) ocean; as such, it overlies the continental margin that consists of the shallow continental shelf, steep continental slope, and the deep continental rise. These strong variations in water depth, and associated geomorphological anomalies, together with earth rotation, exert controls on the direction of coastal ocean circulation. Know about the coastal oceanic processes which are influenced by topographic controls.
7. Near-shore and Surf Zone Processes: The study of the interactions between the oceans and land and the processes that shape coastal features and transport sediment and other materials near coastlines. Land-Ocean Interaction; Land Processes; Ocean Processes and many more
8. Ocean, Fisheries and Coastal Economics: Economy statistics describes the Economic value of activities directly or indirectly related to the use of oceans, or coastal zone resources. Know more about the Economic status of the coastal ecosystem from economy experts worldwide.
10. Underwater/Marine Life: Life in the ocean is amazing. Cute and cuddly, creepy crawly, gigantic and microscopic - marine life comes in millions of shapes and size.
Learn more about Underwater Life and discuss how they are important for coastal ecosystem management.
11. Coastal Archaeology: Coastal Archaeological sites (environment, history, settlements and findings), shallow water coastal archaeological surveys and near shore wrecks, methodology of the research (direct surveys, remote sensing, etc.), conservation of the coastal archaeological sites, cultural tourism, coastal and underwater archaeological itineraries.